• Yu Zhe

TOEFL SPEAKING tips


以下不同功能下的短语适合大家在托福口语task 1 and 2中使用,当然它们也适用于其它的口语考试和日常口语交流。

Hesitation:

  • Let’s see

  • That’s an interesting/a good question

  • Let me think

  • That’s a good question

Opinion:

  • Why I believe

  • I’d like to explain why

  • Personally

  • I’d enjoy

  • I think

  • In my opinion

  • As far as I’m concerned

  • It seems to me

  • I’d/He feel/feels

Condition:

  • If

  • Even if

  • If I could

  • Whether (or not) to

  • … as though

Further information:

  • First … Second … Third …

  • In addition

  • There are (three) reasons why

  • Similarly

  • Furthermore

  • Moreover

  • Further

  • As an example

  • For instance

  • What’s more

  • … a good idea

  • … in favour of

Summarisation:

  • In conclusion

  • Finally

  • As a result

  • In summary

  • Therefore

  • To sum up

  • In other words

  • To summarise

  • Then

  • In brief

  • On the whole

  • To conclude

  • As we have seen

  • As has been said

  • Thereby

  • Most importantly

Ability:

  • I’d be able to

  • I can/could/may/might

  • I’m able to

  • I’d be capable of

  • … enables

Reasons/results:

  • As a result

  • Consequently

  • Because (of)

  • Due to

  • Thanks to

  • If this occurs, then

  • To this end

  • Since

  • For this reason

Time relationships:

  • Immediately

  • Then

  • Later

  • Afterwards

  • After

  • Before

  • While

  • During

  • As soon as

  • As

  • Sometimes

  • When

  • Ever/Never

  • Every day/month/year

Generalisation:

  • Overall

  • For the most part

  • In general

  • Generally speaking

  • By and large

Contrast:

  • Some may argue that

  • Although

  • Even though

  • Whereas

  • While

  • Instead

  • In contrast

  • On the one hand

  • On the other hand

  • However

  • In spite of

  • Despite

  • Unlike

  • On the contrary

  • But

  • Neither/nor

  • … rather than

  • … mistakenly

  • Curiously

  • Not until

  • Surprisingly

Emphasis:

  • Above all

  • Obviously

  • Clearly

  • Evidently

  • Actually

  • In fact

  • Certainly

  • Definitely

  • Extremely

  • Indeed

  • Absolutely

  • Positively

  • Unquestionably

  • Without a doubt

Policy:

  • The policy is that

  • The policy states

Suggestion:

  • … seems to warrant

  • … contends

  • … argues

  • … justifies

  • This observation is supported by

  • … to plead

  • … suggests

  • The suggestion is valid

  • … proposes

  • Both … and

  • Also

  • … claims

  • … states

  • The suggestion is

  • Not only … but also

  • There are benefits

Disagreement:

  • … objects (to)

  • … disagrees with

  • … opposes

  • … contradicts

  • … are invalid

  • Others may argue

  • One opinion over another

  • … might be/is the better option

  • … makes it a better policy

  • … is the better alternative

Similarity:

  • Just as

  • As … as

  • In the same way

  • Similarly

  • Likewise

  • As in/as with/as was/etc.

  • Like

Purpose:

  • In order to

  • For

  • So that

  • So as to

  • … compensation for

Evidence/example:

  • As evidence of

  • The legitimacy of

  • Such as

  • For example

  • A few of these are

  • In the case of

  • In addition (to)

  • For one thing … for another

Problem:

  • The problem is:

Options:

  • She is considering two/various options

  • One option is

  • The other option is

  • … might/may be an/the easier/better option

  • … has (two) alternatives

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